Chapter 27: Nimrod
Nimrod’s empire extended to the land of Accad, between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, where the two rivers run closely together. The latter dynasty of Accad was believed founded, but more than likely inherited Accad and three other cities were the beginning of Nimrod’s post- Babel empire. 15 The empire, by Sargon the Great around the twenty- third to the twenty- fourth century B.C.E, when his men overran the Sumerian homeland. 16 Sargon was the first to conquer and then turn the alliance of Mesopotamian cities into an empire, winning thirty- four battles and pushing into Awan of Elam and Mari in the north. Sargon maintained representatives of all the old ruling families (Nephilim) at his court honoring their “exalted” lineages. 17
It was from the Sumerians that the Akkadians adopted all the antediluvian Sumerian writings, religious doctrines, gods, legends, and architecture as their own. Akkadian language was one of the earliest forms of Assyrian and Babylonian dialects; it was written in wedge- shaped characters or cuneiform and was originally developed by the antediluvian Sumerians. 18 An inscription noted Akkad fell to Gutian Barbarians circa 2150 B.C.E. 19
The name Nimrod is theorized to originate from the Akkadian god of war and hunting, Ninurta; he was also called “the Arrow” and “the Mighty Hero.” 20 Ninurta, as it turns out, was a Nephilim son of Enlil and Ninlil. 21 The symmetry to the meaning and its origin would tend to lend credibility to its accuracy, particularly if Nimrod did view himself as a Nephilim, at least in ambition.
Meanwhile, the Hebrew translation for Nimrod provides the balance to the allegory of his name, for it translates as “rebel, to rebel against, brave, and to subdue.” 22 By fusing the definitions from the different cultures, languages, and religious perspectives, we arrive with a complete definition, personifying the allegory of Nimrod. He was a great warrior king/potentate who modeled himself after the Nephilim from antiquity. He was incredibly brave and proud; Nimrod’s hubris led him to subdue the people of Shinar through tyranny, while inciting the people of Shinar to rebel against the true God of the universe, just as his antediluvian role models did.