Chapter 82: Leviathan

section7-chap81What can prehistoric records tell us about Leviathan, creation, and the little- explained rebellion of angels before the advent humankind? And how is Leviathan relevant to The Genesis 6 Conspiracy?

Baal, the great storm god, was alternatively known in parallel allegoric form as the bull and was called variantly a dragon, a serpent, and the celebrated slayer of the chaos monster Yam in the Ugaritic Texts. 4 Canaanite legends of Baal pre- date the surviving hard copy records of the Bible. In the pantheistic version, Baal, the great weather god, bludgeoned the gods of the sea and rivers, Prince Yamm and Judge Nahor, confining them to their proper spheres. Baal’s father, El, the great bull god, then rewarded Baal with a mansion worthy of his valor. 5

Baal was the god that defeated the chaos monster of the sea in these legends, 6 the great Leviathan recorded in Job and other parts of the Bible, which is known in Near Eastern mythology as Tiamet. In this tradition, all the gods of Babylon shrunk before Tiamet, the monster of the sea, 7 the goddess and dragon of disorder. 8 The Epic of Gilgamesh noted the female Creation Mother, Tiamet, was slain tossing half the corpse to heaven so that salt water would no longer cover dry land. 9 Marduk killed the great female dragon of the primal saltwater and then strung his bow across the sky as a sign of his great victory over the Waters of Chaos. 10

Marduk split Tiamet in two, like a shellfish, and then confined half to the sky and half to the earth 11 (male and female). Tiamet is known in Near East mythology as the great World Dragon or Cosmic Dragon; she was a dragon described in the Enuma Elish of Babylon, the Mesopotamian epic of creation, as possessing a vast serpentine body that was impenetrable to weapons, with two forelegs, an immense tail, and huge horns on her head. Together with Apsu (male), she produced the heavens, earth, and spawned the gods. 12 Tiamet, Apsu, and Leviathan were all primordial gods from the chaos, whose names translate as “abyss,” “void,” or “bottomless pit.” 13

The biblical Leviathan was a creature more than 900 miles in length, with seven heads (Job described it as a Hydra) and more than 300 eyes; it was invulnerable and encircled the world in the great Abyss, or depths of the cosmic ocean. 14 Unger’s notes the Leviathan as an animal writhing or gathering itself into its folds, the same description that is used for crocodiles and serpents. 15 Biblical legends of Leviathan note it was the mightiest creature of creation that eventually required the slaying of the female, for two such creatures would have destroyed the earth. 16