In 1316, and under the protection of King Philip V, four Templars initiated to the “Secret of Secrets” (the Royal Secret of the Priory of Sion) met with newly elected Pope John XXII of Avignon in November 17 of the same year, and a plan was made to begin a new “Rule” of the (Templar) order to be thereafter known as the “Friars of Rosy Cross.”
On January 5, 1317, in Avignon Pope John XXII awarded the “Rule of the Order” to the Higher Friars of the Rosy Cross on the condition the new order would be governed by thirty-three members of a holy college from the Roman church, led by the Pope’s nephew. However, the Templars poisoned the college leader on the 6th, whereby they replaced him with Templar Knight Enguerard de Ners and a new college of thirty-three made up of pure-blood polytheist royals. The new French faction of the Rosy Cross order escaped Avignon to Monfort Sur Argens Commandery, and then determined to set a destiny apart from the Pope. Pope John XXII then issued, in 1317, the Papal Extravagantes Decretal: Spondent Pariter (both guarantee) forbidding the practice of alchemy, one of the primary studies and practices of Rosicrucian order.
Robert the Bruce, king of Scotland, thereafter instituted the Rosy Cross order for the Templar adepts in 1323. Accordingly, the new Holy College of thirty-three became official in 1333 as the “Invisible Ones” in honor of demons and fallen angels; the Invisible College of thirty-three that created the Rosicrucian order. “The Council of Thirty-Three” oversee to this day through the lower “Committee of Three Hundred” and the lower Rosicrucian orders—thus, a senior order and two junior orders. The Rosicrucian order were known within the Craft as the “New Templars and Templists.” The senior Invisible Templar Order set out to preserve their mystical, ancient knowledge in new institutions, while concealing their presence; organizations they created like the Royal College, known also as the Invisible College.